The city of Hiroshima in western Japan is marking the 75th anniversary of the world's first atomic bomb being dropped on July 7, 1945. The city that survived the atomic attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan's second largest city and the first of its kind in the United States, celebrated the 75th anniversary of the attack in Japan on Thursday. Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui called on the nation to reject self-centred nationalism and to work more seriously for nuclear disarmament.
Kunihiko Iida wants the world to know that the atomic bomb dropped by the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki 75 years ago next month is still killing and causing suffering. Japanese woman remembers the victims of the Hiroshima bombing in front of a monument in the city of Hiroshima, Japan, July 7, 2015. Of the remains of the 1945 atomic bomb explosion in Japan's second-largest city, and the first of its kind after the US attack on Japan in 1945, Japanese woman remembers the bombing of Hiroshima as she remembers the victims with a water sacrifice.
The Genbaku Cathedral is the only structure that survived from the first atomic bomb that exploded on August 6, 1945, and is in its original state immediately after the explosion. The museum, founded in 1955, shows the atomic bombs dropped in 1945 and the aftermath of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Although the Hiroshima Product Museum opened in 1915, it still retains the same appearance, based on the desire for more of this tragedy, even though it was attacked by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945.
American bombers dropped their payload over Nagasaki, the second atomic bomb was dropped over the city itself, killing between 50,000 and 100,000 people. This harrowing exhibition bears a striking resemblance to the devastation that survivors experienced after the first two atomic bombs of World War II were dropped. On August 6, 1945, a secondary bomb was dropped in Nagaki, Japan, on August 7, 1946, killing thousands more and forcing Japan to surrender during World War II. In August 1946, after the bombing of Hiroshima by the US Air Force and the Soviet Union, another atomic bomb was dropped on Japan on 1 July 1947, this time from the US, killing thousands more.
The fact remains that when the bombing of Hiroshima did not lead to Japan's immediate surrender, the US dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
The first atomic bomb, codenamed "Little Boy," and the second codenamed "Fat Man," destroyed Hiroshima, Japan's second largest city, on August 7, 1945. On August 9, the US dropped atomic bombs again on Nagasaki, bringing Japan to the brink of surrender. After Japan failed to act, and after a series of negotiations with the United States and its allies, they dropped a second atomic bomb, the "Fat Man," on Nagaki, a city of 1.3 million people, in September 1945.
The United States said the bombing accelerated Japan's surrender and prevented the need for a U.S. invasion of Japan. The atomic bomb was a lethal new weapon, and President Truman hoped that the massive destruction it caused would shock the Japanese into recognizing that they had to surrender.
After the war, the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum was established, which commemorates the bombing of Hiroshima and the elimination of nuclear weapons. Nagasaki was bombed on a large scale, and Hiroshima was designated as a memorial to the victims of the atomic bombings of World War II. The Hiroshima Peace Monument and Genbaku Cathedral are administered by the city of Hiroshima and designated by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Japanese Atomic Energy Commission.
To learn more, you can find a large number of Hibakusha references online, but this is a good starting point. To learn more about Japan after the war, here is an article about the first atomic bomb dropped during the war on August 6, 1945.
If you look at a map of Japan, to be exact, Hiroshima is a distance from Kyoto, 354 kilometers, and Hiroshima from Tokyo.
In Hiroshima, there were once 90,000 buildings that were on display before the atomic bomb was dropped. By the end of 1945, an estimated 140,000 people had been killed in and around Hiroshima by the bombing, and only 28,000 remained after the explosion. The Japanese government has so far acknowledged the memory of marine engineer Tsutomu Yamaguchi, who died in 2010 at the age of 93.
HIROSHIMA is located in the inland sea off the southern coast of the Japanese island of Honshu and was home to about 350,000 inhabitants, including military personnel, at the time of the atomic bombings.
Hiroshima is now part of Chugoku (west of Honshu / Shikoku), which includes this part of Japan. The atomic bomb detonated in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, and the atomic bomb dome remained in place, becoming a symbol of the bombing of Hiroshima after photos and videos of its destruction were published. In the 1950s, reconstruction began on the Inari Bridge as part of a comprehensive urban planning programme. The late Japanese Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida, who caused the atomic bomb explosion to destroy the city centre.